Effect of biofuel vulnerability on lungs in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease patients

Review Article

Authors

  • Asna Umer
  • Iqra Lodhi
  • Faiza sultan
  • Zunaira Tehseen
  • Farkhanda Sarwar
  • Sidra Rao

Keywords:

COPD, airflow restriction, inflammation, comorbidities

Abstract

Background : Incurable COPD is preventable and treatable. Airflow restriction, persistent lung inflammation, and respiratory tract symptoms lead to bronchiolitis and emphysema. It's caused by constant chemical and gas exposure. Comorbidities and exacerbations aggravate COPD, which is caused by complex biological processes. Globally, COPD will be the third greatest cause of death by 2030. Since 16th century, COPD, its diseases, and clinical presentation have been understood. Smoking, tobacco, industrial pollutants, interior pollution, outdoor air pollution, gender, and genetic inheritance affect worldwide incidence, morbidity, and mortality. Chemical exposure and population ageing will exacerbate COPD in the coming years. COVID-19 accelerates COPD and slows recovery.

 

Keywords: COPD, airflow restriction, inflammation, comorbidities

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Published

22-02-2024

How to Cite

Umer, A. ., Iqra Lodhi, Faiza sultan, Zunaira Tehseen, Farkhanda Sarwar, & Sidra Rao. (2024). Effect of biofuel vulnerability on lungs in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease patients : Review Article . Pakistan Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 1(02), 53–74. Retrieved from https://www.pjammr.com/index.php/pjammr/article/view/21