Conventional Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Complications Rate in a Tertiary Care Center.

Original Article


  • Sami Ullah
  • Muhammad Asif
  • Naveed Haroon
  • Ijaz Ali
  • Azara Ghani


Background: Assess The Complication Rate Of Conventional Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy In A Tertiary Care Hospital (PCNL).

 Study design: A Retrospective observational study.

Place and duration of study: Department Urology Lady Reading Hospital In Peshawar, Pakistan, From 05-January 2016 To 05- January 2020

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following research was carried out by the urologist department of Lady Reading Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2016 to January 2020. Four hundred thirty-nine individuals with normal-panel underwent the study. Before non- contrast, C.T. kub was done on all subjects. The patient was lying flat after the 6fr ureteric catheter was inserted in the lithotomy position. All prone procedures using 30fr am plating sheaths were directed by fluoroscopy. Hydraulic lithoclasts broke the stone. All nephrostomy tubes were foley devices with a 16-fr size. Six physicians performed these operations with four years of penal experience. Postoperative problems were evaluated using an adapted Cloven rating method.

Results: There were problems with 46.9%. 54 (12%) and (120) grade I and II clavier problems were discovered. 67 (15%) stage I patients with transient temperature were treated with antipyretics. 53 (12%) patients used supine pressure bands to treat nephrostomy site leakage. 9 (2%) of the grade II issues needed IV antibiotics for sepsis, and 45 (10%) required blood transfusions. Extended haemorrhage occurred in 4 (0.8%) patients who underwent percutaneous angioembolization and 6 (1.2%) patients who underwent perinephric collection drainage. One (0.2%) patient had a colostomy, and 24 (5.3%) patients with persistent nephrostomy leakage or PCS injury underwent D.J. stenting. I was alright with Intensity IV. 0.4% of fatalities were due to severe bleeding.

Conclusion: The procedure of percutaneous nephrolithotomy is economical, risk-free, and well-tolerated. Most of the time, minor problems like brief temperature and nephrostomy site leaks go away independently. The degree of complexity has been reduced to almost nothing due to the shrinking size of Pcnls from conventional to mini, ultra mini, and micro.

Keywords: Complications, Territorial Care, Conventional, PCNL




How to Cite

Sami Ullah, Muhammad Asif, Naveed Haroon, Ijaz Ali, & Azara Ghani. (2023). Conventional Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Complications Rate in a Tertiary Care Center.: Original Article . Pakistan Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 1(02), 38–42. Retrieved from